Pausing script execution

void sleep ( int seconds)

void usleep ( int micro_seconds)

When you want to pause execution in your script, there are two ways you can implement the code. Some people (thankfully very few) choose the first option and write code like this:

    $now = time();
    while ($now + 4 > time()) {
        // do nothing

    echo "Done.\n";

While it does work, there are two problems with it. Firstly, time() has a very low precision, only returning the number of whole seconds that have passed, which makes the whole thing quite vague. Secondly, PHP has to sit there looping thousands of times while it waits, essentially doing nothing. A much better solution is to use the one of the two script sleep functions, sleep() and usleep(), which take the amount of time to pause execution as their only parameter.

The difference between sleep() and usleep() is that sleep() takes a number of seconds as its parameter, whereas usleep() takes a number of microseconds - millionths of a second - as its parameter. Using either of them is far more accurate than the previous time() loop, and they both have their advantages - sleep() is better if you do not need the accuracy, and usleep() is better if you do. Simple, really!

The above script could be rewritten like this:

    echo "Done\n";

Or this:

    echo "Done\n";

Note that the default maximum script execution time is 30 seconds, but you can use sleep() and usleep() to make your scripts go on for longer than that because technically PHP does not have control during the sleep operation.


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